General (see text below)
Ilê Aiyê (click on the text on the left to go to the page)
Margareth Menezes (click on the text on the left to go to the page)
Olodum (click on the text on the left to go to the page)
Bahian music deserves a special place on our site because musicality is in the blood of the people from Bahia. Bahia is the cradle, the origin and the source of so many musical styles, so much musical mixture and originality, that that it deserves an exclusive chapter on this subject. Bahia breaths and transpires music, a phenomenon that has its origin in the perfect harmony that Bahia developed between the influences of the Indians, the Africans and the white Europeans.
Bahia is the country of the Samba, because it is the Brazilian state with the highest concentration of black people (or better “Afro-South-Americans”, but locally called “negros”, which is not pejorative here but considered “politically correct”). It were the African slaves who had the rhythm in their blood and the samba in their feet. Even if today Rio the Janeiro gets most of the fame when it concerns samba, the connoisseurs say that it was here in Bahia that the samba was effectively born. Until now you can find people here dancing a "Samba Round" (Samba the Roda) or playing a "Sambinha" in the streets and little bars spread around the city, in the poor neighbourhoods, on the squares of the Pelourinho or on any spot where people want to have some fun.
It is also in this state that was born the inventor and "father" of the Bossa Nova, possibly the first authentic Brazilian musical style that had an overwhelming international success, João Gilberto, interpreter of the timeless song "A garota the Ipanema" (The girl from Ipanema), composed by the master of Bossa Nova, Tom Jobim, and with the words of the nostalgic writer Vinícius de Morais.
It was also in Bahia that another musical wave has arisen, namely the "Tropicalismo", that has been of the greatest importance for the Brazilian and more in specific, the Bahian music. The most important names of this style are Gilberto Gil,Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa and the unequalled Tom Zé. Together with these masters arose a band that was most emblematic for the Tropicalism, namely the Novos Baianos. At present, they are no longer together, but most of the musicians, like Morais Moreira, Pepéu Gomes and Baby do Brasil, have successful solo careers.
The African influence continues to have the loudest voice until today and created different musical styles and rhythms with large national and international influence. The "Afro" groups created the "Samba-Reggae", a strong rhythmic and dancing style that leaves nobody insensitive and literally unmoved. The most important representatives of this most original style are Ilê Aiyê, Olodum e Muzenza. These groups, on their turn, have inspired another style, called the “Axé Music”, that is today the most well known and exciting musical tendency with origin in Bahia and normally directly related with our greatest feast here, the carnival! This style covers uncountable singers and groups that have a lot of success here in Bahia, in Brazil on a whole and some even all over the world, such as: Margareth Menezes, Ara Ketu, Daniela Mercury, Ivete Sangalo, Chiclete com Banana, Timbalada,Carlinhos Brown, Asa the Águia, Cheiro the Amor and so many others.
To keep this overview complete, we cannot leave behind a number of other styles and rhythms which have been invented in this musical paradise here, such as: Lambada, Afoxé and Fricote. Finally we can also not forget that we have our own Reggae here, with legions of fans, and that has already produced a number of expressive singers such as: Edson Gomes and Lazzo.
This page does not aim to be complete, but we cannot leave behind some important names of the Bahian music, such as: Dorival and Nana Caymmi, Maria Bethânia, Vânia Abreu, Clécia Queiroz, Daúde, Gerônimo, Luiz Caldas, Netinho, Wilson Café, etc..