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Introduçtion (see text below)
The city of Salvador (click on the text on the left to go to the page)
The beaches of Salvador (click on the text on the left to go to the page)
The state of Bahia (click on the text on the left to go to the page)
Bahia is one of the states that constitutes the Federal Republic of Brazil and it is situated in the North-east of the country. It is the state with the most extensive coastline of Brazil, more than 1,000 kilometers of beaches, an area of 564.273 km² (just a bit bigger than France!) and about 13 million inhabitants (23,16 hab/km² of inhabitant density).
Salvador (officially São Salvador or Saint Saviour) is the capital of Bahia and the third biggest city of Brazil in number of inhabitants with almost 2,8 million. Salvador is situated between the Bay of All Saints (Baía de Todos os Santos), the biggest bay of Brazil with several islands, and the Atlantic Ocean. It is a great, vibrant city, with multiple faces and an enormous variety in neighbourhoods and landscapes.
Salvador has its "concrete" side, the “built” part with a great variety of quarters. To begin, we have the historical quarters such as the "Pelourinho", today registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Besides that we have the noble neighbourhoods, like Graça and Caminho das Árvores; the “slum” quarters - called "favelas" when constructed on land or "palafitas" when they are formed by wooden constructions in the waters of the Bay - like Calabar and Baixa do Petróleo. It's delicious to take a walk in the colourful quarters, as Ribeira, bucolic, and Rio Vermelho, more Bohemian and excellent for it's night-life. It's also fascinating to know the new commercial districts full of building in modern and bold architecture, as the whole region around the Iguatemi shopping. Salvador is also known for its concentration of Catholic churches - in according to the old legend, one for each day of the year. Amongst the most known are the Church of Bonfim, the Cathedral on the Terreiro de Jesus square, the Church of San Francisco and the Church of the Rosary of the black people. Salvador also shelters some Solares - old manor-houses of noble families - like the Solar do Unhão, that shelters the Museum of Modern Art today, and Solar do Ferrão, that shelters the Museum Abelardo Rodrigues.
But Salvador also has its "natural" side, composed by a great variety of beaches, parks and lagoons. To start with, the exotic and extensive beaches along the Atlantic coast, like those of Piatã and Itapuã in the north, and closer to the centre of the city, the urban beaches, like those of the Port of Barra and Ribeira. Less popular but not less interesting and beautiful are the parks, with their remaining exuberant vegetation of the Mata Atlántica, a tropical forest that once covered the whole coast of Brazil, like those of Pituaçu and São Bartholomeu, and natural and artificial lagoons, like Abaeté and Dique do Tororó.
These natural, historical and architectural beauties are not found only in the city of Salvador but also in all the region around the capital. Here follow only some examples of nice and unforgettable places, as much in the aspect of nature as of history, with the highest attraction for tourism and all in a ray of only some hundred of kilometers: